Itu Paratriathlon Classification Essay

This is a brief overview of the sport and is in no way legally binding. In all cases the sport specific classification rules will take precedence. Should this page be out of date please contact classification@paralympic.org.

Eligible impairment types:

Impaired muscle power

Athetosis

Impaired passive range of movement

Hypertonia

Limb deficiency

Ataxia

Visual Impairment

Sport classes:

In Paratriathlon there are four different sport classes for athletes with physical impairment, numbered 1-4. There is one fifth sport class for athletes with vision impairment named PT5.

In one sport class you can find athletes with different impairment types and severity, compete against each other. As a general principle, the impact of impairment on the performance within one class is similar. The reason being that sport classes are allocated based on the impact the impairment has on triathlon rather than on the impairment itself.

To evaluate the impact of impairments on triathlon, classifiers assess all functional body structures through a physical and technical assessment using a point system and a weighing factor for each discipline of the sport (swimming, cycling and running). The total score determines the athlete’s sport class.

PT1 (Wheelchair user Paratriathletes)

Paratriathletes in this class swim, cycle on a handbike and compete in a racing wheelchair for the run section. This class includes athletes with, but not limited to, impairments of muscle power, range of movement, limb deficiency such as unilateral or double leg amputation, spinal cord injuries resulting in paraplegia or tetraplegia, etc.

PT2-4 (Ambulant Paratriathletes)

Paratriathletes in this sport class swim, cycle on a conventional bike with or without approved adaptations and run with or without the use of an approved prosthesis and/or supportive devices and can fall into 3 different sport classes. These sport classes include but are not limited to Paratriathletes with impairment of muscle power, range of movement, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis.

PT2

This sport class includes athletes with a severe degree of activity limitation such as, but not limited to, unilateral above knee amputees, double below knee amputee, athletes with a significant combined upper and lower limb muscle power limitation or severe neurological impairment such as congenital hemiplegia, severe cerebral palsy, etc.

PT3

This sport class includes athletes with a moderate degree of activity limitation such as athletes with, but not limited to, a through the shoulder amputation, complete loss of range of motion in one arm, athletes with a moderate combined upper and lower limb loss of muscle power or moderate neurological impairments such as ataxia or athetosis.

PT4

This sport class includes athletes with a mild degree of activity limitation such as athletes with, but not limited to, a below the elbow arm amputation, below the knee amputation, partial loss of arm muscle power, lower limb deficiency or mild neurological impairments such as ataxia or athetosis.

PT5 Athletes with Visual Impairment

Paratriathletes in this sport class swim, ride a tandem cycle and run with a guide and need only meet the criteria as set out in the B1 sport classes as described in section 4. Therefore B1, B2 and B3 athletes compete together in one event.

There are six sport classes in paratriathlon:

  • PTWC - Wheelchair users. Athletes must use a recumbent handcycle on the bike course and a racing wheelchair on the run segment. There are two sub-classes, H1 (most impaired) and H2 (least impaired); Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to:  muscle power, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis that prevent the ability to safely ride a conventional bike and run. Through classification assessment, athletes must have a score of up to 640,0 points.
  • PTS2 - Severe impairments. Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through classification assessment have a score of up to 909,9 points. In both bike and run segments, amputee athletes may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices.
  • PTS3 - Significant impairments. Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through classification assessment have a score from 910,0 to 979,9 points. In both bike and run segments, the athlete may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices.
  • PTS4 - Moderate impairments. Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through classification assessment have a score from 980,0 to 1091,9 points included. In both bike and run segments, the athlete may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices..
  • PTS5 - Mild impairments. Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through classification assessment have a score from 1092,0 to 1211,9 points included. In both bike and run segments, the athlete may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices..
  • PTVI - Total or Partial visual Impairment (IBSA/IPC defined sub-classes B1, B2, and B3): Includes athletes who are totally blind, from no light perception in either eye, to some light perception but unable to recognize the shape of a hand at any distance or in any direction (B1) and partially sighted athletes with a visual acuity of less than 6/60 vision or visual field less than 20 degrees with best corrective vision (B2-B3). A guide from the same nationality and gender is mandatory throughout the race. Must ride a tandem during the bike segment.

For a description of all classes please link to the IPC’s Laymen’s Guide for Paralympic Summer Sports.

ITU has implemented some modifications to the classification system that was introduced in 2014 after further research was conducted to address certain aspects of the previous system. The research project is an ongoing project for both physical and vision impairments.

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