The collapse of the Feudalism in the late 16th century ushered about a world crossroads. The economic microcosm characterized by the family farm was expanding beyond known borders and rapidly crossing into unknown economic territory. The methods in which individuals acquired and sold goods shifted to mercantilism, which in turn formed the root basis of the capitalist model successfully utilized by many countries today (Wood, 1999). Capitalism is the paramount economic system because it provides limitless opportunity, encourages innovation, and has not been proven inferior to alternative economic systems.
First and foremost, capitalist economic systems provide limitless opportunity for each individual. Capitalism is the only economic system which allows every individual an equal chance of success, regardless of inherited social class. Motivation for success hinges on the guarantee that there are no limitations on the acquisition of wealth. The guaranteed chance of success provided by capitalism inspires hard work, perseverance, and hope.
Moreover, capitalism results in the overall increase of innovation and economic growth. In a capitalist driven economic system, consumers make decisions, or votes, on preferences for products and services. The providers of goods and services are therefore motivated to create the best product to win the consumer. Constant competition results directly in pressure for the producer to continually increase the quality of product while maintaining price. In this way, the power that capitalism inherently bestows to the consumer drives a force for innovation. Without capitalism, innovation is not a priority. In addition to expanding markets, innovation also further increases efficiency, reinforcing and adding to the feedback loop. In recent years, innovation within capitalist economies has increased so rapidly that it has spurred the emergence of an entirely new economic doctrine. This doctrine, dubbed “innovation economics,” centers all economic models around innovation and entrepreneurship, as opposed to traditional models, which are based on public policy. Proponents of the innovation economy predict that exponential growth of capitalist economies is not only feasible, but probable (Baller, Bernd, Blanchard, Buckley, Collins, Eskew, Hodges & Menzer, 2008).
Winston Churchill, a British politician, was famously recorded stating that, “democracy is the worst form of government, except all those others that have been tried.” (Raymond, 1992) Similarly, capitalism is considered by many to be the best economic system by default due simply to the absence of a more successful model. Modern countries attempting variations of the communist economic system struggle to reach the standard of living which most capitalist countries have achieved (Malik, 2013). These countries are often plagued by governmental corruption and lack of motivation among workers. For example, the Chinese Communist Party was recently ranked 78th of 178 countries in the Transparency International’s Corruption Perception index. This ranking is the worst among comparable developable countries (Transparency International, 2013). The communist USSR under Stalin’s rule suffered heavily due to shortages in basic consumer goods such as food and hygiene products. These shortages were attributed to a lack of motivation among workers to reach outrageous governmental production quotas (Fitzpatrick, 1999). In the last ten years, communist countries are tending towards legislation which increases privatization, causing a gradual governmental shift towards the capitalist model (Moscoso Boedo, 2006).
Free people and free markets are the driving force behind the success of the capitalist model. No other economic model inherently bestows limitless opportunity and power to each individual. The temptation of success and power drives the economy forever forward, creating exponential growth, unprecedented among any other economic systems attempted to date.
Baller, S., Bernd, D., Blanchard, J., Buckley, G., Collins, A., Eskew, M., Hodges, L., & Menzer, J. (2008).Innovation measurement, tracking the state of innovation in the american economy. Retrieved from website: http://www.esa.doc.gov/sites/default/files/reports/documents/innovation_measurement_01-08.pdf
Fitzpatrick, S. (1999). Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary times : Soviet Russia in the 1930s. (pp. 56). New York, NY :Oxford University Press.
Malik, K. (2013). Human development report 2013. (pp. 2-19). New York, NY: The United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR2013_EN_Summary.pdf
Moscoso Boedo, H. J. (2006). Former communist countries and their transition to capitalism. Informally published manuscript, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, Retrieved from http://people.virginia.edu/~hjm5p/pdfs/communistweb.pdf
Raymond, W. J. (1992). The dictionary of politics. (7th ed., p. 124). Lawrenceville, VA: Brunswick Publishing Corporation.
Transparency International. (2013). Corruption Perceptions Index 2013Transparency International.
Wood, E. (1999). The origin of capitalism a longer view. (pp. 95-124). New York, NY: Verso Books.
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Show MoreDiscuss your own impressions of what Capitalism is.
My personal view of Capitalism is the freedom of choice to use your property any way you choose to use it. We as Americans have been giving rights to this choice. According to Murphy, That is why it is also known as the free enterprise (or free market) system, because it allows people freedom to choose: freedom to choose their own jobs, freedom to sell their own products at whatever prices they like, and the freedom to choose among products for the best value. (pg.1) As Americans, we have taken advantage of this freedom. We can work in whatever job that we love regardless of qualifications. Like many others, this choice has giving us the ability to make a living for our family.…show more content…
The right that we gained was through the eyes of Capitalism. Why do professional athletes make more money that the average American worker? If you look at morals today in our society, we measure the roles of people. Even though we know that, the need of a teacher is great for the education of our children and us. There is a greater desire to be entertained by sports events or some other form of entertainment. Many people spend much of their money on their priorities in life. Only after they pay for the essentials things can they spend the leftover income on less important things like entertainment, eating out, and the like. (Anderson, 2000) For example, the average salary of a teacher is around $40,000 to $50,000 a year. A professional athlete makes on average according to the article “on average, they can earn from $2 million to $20 million per year. Moreover, some of them may not have ever graduated from college. The majority of them are also not responsible for anyone else, except maybe their agents”. (DeBlieux 2010) So the true question is why do we support the athlete more than a teacher or doctor? Doctors put many lives in their hands day by day. Teachers teach the student for them to learn and make a better of life.
Capitalism in our Environment
Capitalism can only do two things to our environment. Save it or destroy it. According to so environmental activist the markets unfettered greed led us to the near extinction of the buffalo and the