Essay Online Language Learning

Did you know that our world has about 6,500 languages? Sadly, only 20 percent of Americans speak a language other than English, but I think there is a solution to this. Over the past couple years, I have begun to notice that in many schools in the U.S., including mine, students don’t start the process of learning a new language until middle school. It would be extremely beneficial if schools instead thought about putting more money into acquiring bilingual programs for grammar school students.

The easiest way for someone to become bilingual is to start at a very young age, because their brain absorbs the sounds and rules of a new language naturally just like their native tongue. The older you get, the harder it is to learn a language because you have to study grammar rules and work around your already developed first language.

Some people think that a child only has room for one language in their life, and that to learn a second one, they would find it confusing. This is not true and in fact some places, such as Switzerland, have students learn up to two additional languages and by the time they graduate high school many of them are even trilingual.

A new language is one of the most rewarding experiences for anyone, but even more so at a young age. “During the first three years of life, the foundations for thinking, language, visions, attitude, aptitude, and other characteristics are laid down. It would be a waste not to use a child’s natural ability to learn during his or her most vital years when learning a second language is as easy as learning the first,” says Ronald Kotulak, author of “Inside the Brain.”

Some of the most crucial benefits of being bilingual are that a child’s focus, memory, planning and multitasking skills are better than if they are monolingual. Children can also ignore distractions easier because the part of their brain called the “executive function” is stronger in bilinguals, and this of course would benefit their academic performance in the classroom.

A second language can also help when traveling, especially a common one such as Spanish or French. Vacations to foreign countries would be more enjoyable, and it would open people’s minds to the different cultures of the world. My mother and father are fluent in Italian and English, so I know what it is like to be around someone bilingual.

A few years ago, my family and I visited Italy, where most of our relatives live. It was an amazing experience, but I felt a little bit out of place not being fully proficient in the language. Now, I think about how different that trip would have been if I had been able to communicate better. Everyday activities like listening to local music, watching a movie, or just getting a cup of coffee would have been effortless if I had known Italian.

Bilingualism at a young age also leads to many advantages in the long run, such as getting into a good college and having more career options. A second or third language can boost your chances of getting into a more academically advanced institution. Foreign language SAT tests are a great way of standing out during the college admission process. It’s important to show them what you’re capable of, and it can give you a head start by allowing you to complete the basic language requirement before other students. As the world is becoming more globalized, knowing a foreign language in business is also valuable. For example, someone who speaks Spanish has the advantage of communicating with people from 21 different countries worldwide. When applying for a new job, companies will certainly take this into consideration. If schools would teach languages from kindergarten through high school, more students would have the chance to go on to college, and have successful careers.

Grades 7 - 12
College freshman
 qualifying verbal/reading scoreor successful completion of Writing for an Audience
Web-based
One-half academic year
 30 weeks (academic year). Session Dates
Course Code: CDBL

Course Description

Former U.S. Secretary of Education Diane Ravitch says an English Language Learner (ELL) is "a student whose home language is not English and who has not yet acquired proficiency in English."

Students can qualify for CTY with a very high verbal score and still be English Language Learners. CTY Online Programs created this course to help ELL students use English more confidently in their future CTY courses.

This 30-week course uses the same curriculum as the 20-week version of Crafting the Essay. In addition, it emphasizes grammar, such as verb tenses, pronouns and antecedents, and subject-verb agreement, focusing on the needs of English language learners. Students work on both sentence level grammatical structures and the larger content and structural issues. By the end of this course, most students should be prepared forWriting Analysis and Persuasion, but some may need further grammatical work in From Structure to Style.

Crafting the Essay uses the personal essay to explore narration, description, and reflection. Students discover and practice techniques that make prose more lively, interesting, and powerful. Students also experiment with a variety of techniques for organizing essays and for beginning and ending work effectively. As students' writing becomes more fluent, students will start examining voice (consistent diction and psychology) and how voice interacts with audience and purpose.

This format is highly interactive. Lessons include smaller exercises. As students work through them, the instructor comments on their writing, and both student and instructor collaborate to build a final writing assignment. Students also participate in a required, Web-based writing workshop in which students critique peers' work, praising strengths and pointing out areas for improvement.

NOTE: Crafting the Essay challenges all CTY students in grades 7 thru 12, including those who already receive high marks in English literature or Language Arts classes.

Materials Needed

Readings are provided in the classroom.

Course Details

Lesson Number & Title

Content

Exercises

Final Writing Assignment (FWA)

1-- Freeing the Writer Inside

Grammar Elements:

Subject and Predicate

Imperatives

Questions

1. Definitions

2. Sentence Patterns and Parts

Anthropomorphic essay from the perspective of an inanimate object

Writing Elements:

Becoming Functionally unfixed

Form vs Function

3. Molly and Ned Game

4. C-A-T definitions (group)

2-- The Power of Detail

Grammar Elements:

Prepositional Phrases

Adverbs

Adjectives

1. Prepositions

2. Adjectives

Descriptive essay of a significant place, typically a room.  Emphasis on sensory description.

Writing Elements:

The Power of Detail

The Limits of Visual Description

Prewriting Through Poetry

Freewriting

Finding a Starting Point

3. Object Description (group)

4. Five senses poem

5. Directed Freewriting

6. Free Association

3-- The Craft of Composing

Grammar Elements:

Simple Present

Present Progressive

Simple Past

Past Progressive

Inconsistent Verb tenses

1. Present Tenses

2. Past Tenses

3. Inconsistent Verb Tenses

4. Revising your work

Chronological narrative essay, emphasizing order and importance of events.

Writing Elements:

Fiction narrative vs Nonfiction narrative

Tools of narrative

Avoiding narrative gumption traps

5. Learning to Lie (group)

6. Three sequences

4-- Elegant Sentences

Style vs Correctness

Elegance, Power, and Style

Elements of Elegance

Sentence-Level Revision

1. Identifying Errors

2. Identifying Elegance

3. Analyze an Elegant Sentence

4. Revise and Analyze an Inelegant Sentence

5. Revision and Analysis (group)

Revision and analysis of 6 inelegant sentences

5-- Revising for Unity

Grammar Elements:

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

1. Present Perfect

2. Past Perfect

3. Writing with the Past Perfect

Restructuring and Revision of Lesson 3's narrative essay.  Emphasis on organization, flashbacks.

Writing Elements:

Unity, Coherence, Proportion

Reorganization

Beginnings

Flashbacks

Catchy Titles

4. Outline your first draft

5. Virtual Stroll

6-- Analyzing Events

Grammar Elements:

Phrasal Verbs

Verb + Preposition Combinations

1. Using Phrasal Verbs

2. Pronoun/Object Placement

3. Creating a Dictionary

4. Choosing Phrasal Verbs

5. Using Verb + Preposition Combinations

6. Test your logic

7. Using Verb Phrases Creatively

Cause and Effect Essay, analyzing a significant life event.

Writing Elements:

Narrative vs analysis

Causal Chains

Logical Fallacies

8. What is Cause and Effect

7-- Polishing Your Prose

Grammar Elements:

Adjective Clauses

Subject-Verb Agreement

Punctuation Rules

1. Definitions

2. Adjective Clauses

3. Subject-Verb Agreement: conjugate a paragraph

4. Punctuate a Paragraph

Revision of Lesson 2's descriptive essay, with emphasis on use of metaphor and simile.

Writing Elements:

Figurative Language

Alliteration

Telescoping

5. Figurative Language

6. Alliteration

7. Telescoping

8-- Creating a Persona

Grammar Elements:

Subject Complement

Predicate Adjective

Linking Verb

1. "Conjugating" an "Irregular Verb"

5. Creating a Scenario (conjugation added to FWA)

First-Person piece, written from the perspective of a fictional person

Writing Elements:

Diction

Syntax

Tone

2. Elements of a Persona

3. Persona's Voice

4. Consistent Psychology

5. Creating a Scenario

6. Working with a Persona

9-- Revision Strategies and Tactics

Grammar Elements:

Conjunctions

Adverb Clauses

Transitional Words and Phrases

Omitting Prepositions

2. Virtual Walk Part 1: Grammar

4. Adverb Clauses

5. Transitions

6. Preposition Game

Revision of Lesson 6's Cause and Effect essay, with emphasis on structure and transitions.

Writing Elements:

Unity

Coherence

Proportion

Transitions

1. Prewriting

3. Virtual Walk Part 2: Structure

10-- Writing an Evaluation

Grammar Elements:

Definite and Indefinite Articles

Pronouns and Possessives

1. Articles

2. Pronouns and Possessives

3. Restaurant Review

Evaluation Essay, evaluating the course; emphasis on addressing a particular audience.

Writing Elements:

Finding your standard

Choosing an audience

Choosing a persona

Compare standards

4.  Find Your Standard

5. Positive and Negative Statements

6. Test Your Persona

7.  Compare Standards

Time Required

3hours weekly for 30-week session, with breaks for the holidays

Demo

Sample Assignment

This course requires a properly maintained computer with high-speed internet access and an up-to-date web browser (such as Chrome or Firefox). The student must be able to communicate with the instructor via email. Visit the Technical Requirements and Support page for more details.

This course requires that the student use a web browser with the Adobe Flash plugin. Note that many tablets and handhelds (particularly the iPad) do not support Flash and cannot view the lessons.

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